Climate Change leads to global weather extremes – CO2 emissions need to be reduced
The Climate Council IPCC has published it's sixth Assessment Report.
As expected, things are bad around the world. Ice caps are melting, and water levels are rising, as are global temperatures. Many changes due to past and future greenhouse gas emissions are irreversible for centuries to millennia. Human-induced climate change is already impacting many weather and climate extremes in all regions of the world. The frequency and intensity of these extremes increase constantly. In 2019, CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere were at their highest level for at least 2 million years.
CO2 emissions, in particular, continue to be the focus and need to be contained. If we do not approach net-zero consistently and unitedly, the global climate will continue to deteriorate dramatically. “From a physical science perspective, limiting human-induced global warming to a specific level requires limiting cumulative CO2 emissions, reaching at least net zero CO2 emissions, along with strong reductions in other greenhouse gas emissions.“ (IPCC, 2021)
The term "net-zero" means achieving a balance between the greenhouse gases put into the atmosphere and those taken out. On the contrary to "Gross-zero" which would mean stopping all emissions, net-zero is an achievable goal if we all commit to doing our part as individuals, companies and governments.
The critical number in all this is 1,5 C° - For 1.5°C of global warming, there will be increasing heat waves, longer warm seasons and shorter cold seasons. At 2°C of global warming, heat extremes would more often reach critical tolerance thresholds for agriculture and health, the report shows.
But it is not just about temperature. Climate change is bringing multiple different changes in different regions – which will all increase with further warming. These include changes to wetness and dryness, to winds, snow and ice, coastal areas and oceans.
According to Joeri Rohelj, lead IPCC author, it is possible to completely avoid warming of 1.5 °C, but to achieve that the world would need to cut emissions by 50% by the year 2030 and by 100% by the year 2050. If the world does not begin to drastically cut emissions by the time of the next report of the IPCC, then it will no longer be possible to prevent 1.5 °C of warming.
For global warming to mitigate, it is inevitable for companies to decrease carbon emissions. HELIOZ, as a climate-neutral company, plays an important role here. By offering CO2 from our own climate projects, we help various companies to reduce their emissions and take a step towards carbon neutrality. Thanks to WADI’s climate-friendly technology, HELIOZ prevents CO2 emissions from deforestation and burning of firewood. Each WADI reduces up to 2 tons of CO2 each year.
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